History of Rishikesh
Rishikesh, the very name conjures up images ofresonating bells, holy dips, soaring hills and gushing river Ganges inthe mind of an individual. Situated on the banks of the holy GangaRiver, the town is regarded as the Gateway to the Char Dhams (four major Hindu pilgrimages) - Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri andYamunotri. It is believed to be the place where meditation can help oneattain moksha (salvation). Apart from pilgrims, the town is thronged byadventure aficionados and nature lovers, who come entranced by thechallenging streams and towering peaks that form it landscape. Inshort, Rishikesh is the place where nature and divinity have fusedtogether to create a mysticism that can hardly be seen anywhere else.
The temple town on the banks of the holy Ganges, Rishikesh is the nextstop for pilgrims on the foothills of Garhwal, right after Hardwar.
About the places to visit in Rishikesh:-
Lakshman Jhula is a hanging bridge, built on the river Ganges, which forms one of the major tourist attractions of Rishikesh. As per legends, the bridge was initially a rickety, jute one that was used by Lakshman, Lord Rama’s brother, to cross the river. The bridge, in its present iron form, was built in the year 1939. Standing on the Lakshman Jhula, you can have some of the most mesmerizing views of the Ganges.
Ram Jhula is another bridge in Rishikesh, made of iron, which looks quite similar in appearance to the Lakshman Jhula. It is also known by the name of Shivanand Jhula and has been constructed to pave way between Shivanand Ashram and Swarg Ashram.
Gita Bhavan is the name given to a building situated just by the side of the Lakshman Jhula. Constructed a few years back only, the bhavan is famous for housing magnificent statues and paintings, of the various characters in Hindu mythology.
Rishikund is a tank in Rishikesh, considered to be scared by the pilgrims. As per the legends, Goddess Yamuna filled this tank with water, after being pleased with Kubz, a saint.
Bharat Mandir, contrary to what the name suggests, is not dedicated to Lord Rama’s brother Bharat. Rather, it enshrines an idol of Lord Vishnu, which is said to be carved out of a single 'Salagram'. The temple was constructed by Adiguru Shankracharya, in 12th century. Located on the bank of the holy Ganges, the shrine is counted amongst the oldest temples in Rishikesh
Swarga Ashram is a huge complex in Rishikesh, popular for housing several temples within its precincts. Throughout the complex, you can see magnificent statues of various Gods and Goddess. The ashram also comprises of a number of eating joints, apart from souvenir and other shops.
Situated on the outskirts of Rishikesh, around 12 km away, is a revered temple, known as ‘Nilkanth Mahadeo’. Perched on top of a hill, at a height of around 1675 m, the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Legends say that the venom that oozed out while the ‘Samudra Manthan’ was ingested by Lord Shiva at the place which is now known as the Nilkanth Mahadeo.
Triveni Ghat, as the name suggests, is a bathing ghat in Rishikesh. It serves as the venue of a Maha Arti every day. Early in the morning as well as late in the evening, you will find pilgrims taking a dip in the holy waters of the ghat.
White Water Rafting
Apart from pilgrims, adventure enthusiasts form the largest group of visitors to Rishikesh. Serving as a major attraction for them are the violent rivers passing around the town. These aggressive streams present the perfect opportunity for them, to go rafting down the waters. The breathtaking scenery that surrounds the rivers only adds to their attraction
Travel Information :
By Air :
There are no airports in Rishikesh itself. But the Jolly Grant airport at Dehradun is just 35 km from Rishikesh.
By Rail :
The railway station nearest to Rishikesh is Hardwar. Hardwar is a majorrailhead and trains plying from Allahabad, Kolkata, Delhi and so onstop at Haridwar.
By Road :
An extensive network of roads connect Rishikesh to the other citieswithin Uttaranchal and India, such as Haridwar, Agra, Chandigarh,Dehradun, Delhi and Nainital. Regular bus services and taxis on hireare easily available for traveling to and from Rishikesh to theseplaces.