History of Valley Of Flower
Nearby Nanda Devi National Park there is a beautiful valley of flowers situated in chamoli, Garhwal. Frank Smith, an explorer, mountaineer and botanist who come across to this valley incidentally discover this place in 1931. Frank Smith introduced this beautiful place ‘valley of flowers’ to the world. After watching this place, he wrote a book on it that is “Valley Of Flower”. Further this book made this valley popular.
This valley of flower become becomes the national park of India in 1982. This beautiful valley is surrounding by peaks from all side have an area of 19.77 acres having lots of different species of flowers. On July 2005 valley of flowers of Uttarakhand, India become an world heritage site and added to the list in UNESCO. It’s too famous just because of it bound lots of diversified rich flora in it. It is situated at transition point of Himalayan ranges and Eastern & Western Himalayas and Zanskar that’s why you can see the different varieties of rich flora and Flower species in one place. There are also many of rare therapeutic plants here.
After when snow goes melted in July & August, is the best time to visit there for see the gorgeous flowers at their full charm and this time weather of valley of flowers goes pleasant.
About the places to visit in Valley Of Flower Trek:-
Adventure of Valley
Valley of flowers is also world widely famous for its trek that’s begun from Josimath, above from the Alaknanda and Dhauliganga, through the mountain slope. In way you can visit some beautiful shrines these are Vasudeva temple and Narsimhadeva temple devoted to God Vishnu, Nav durga temple, Shankracharya Math and Rudraprayag (devoted to God Shiva). Then after trek to Govindghat, this place is conflux of River Bhyundar and Alaknanda. You can voyage a beautiful Gurudwara which name after Guru Govind Singh and there is also a shrine devoted Laxman brother of Lord Ram. Then you have to take the all necessary things from the local bazaar like Porters and Mules there for trekking to the Valley of flowers.
From Govindghat we went to Ghangaria generally known as Govinddham. Here we will set our camp on camping ground for that day for rest or you can also get in the gurudwara for accommodation in Ghangaria. On next day we continue the trek to the valley of flowers. On the way during the trek you can enjoy the beauty of meadows of foreign alpine flowers and see the rare species of animal living there blue sheep, Himalayan mouse hare, Bharal, snow leopard, brown bears, musk deer’s and Himalayan black beers. The well-known species of flowers there that attract you toward them are Anemone, Marsh Marigold, Saxifrages Bistorta, Pedicularis, Corydalis, Braham Kamal, Lilium, Ranunculus, Geranium, Impatiens etc. After a beautiful trek in valley of flowers we will proceed to the Hemkund sahib famous for its Gurudwara and frozen lake.
From valley of flowers we will back to the Ghangaria and from ghangaria went to govinddham from went to joshimath through jeep or car.
Travel Information :
By Air :
The nearest airport is Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun, which is about 319 km from Valley of Flowers National Park. Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun is a domestic airport located at about 20 km away from city center of Dehradun. Taxi cabs are available from Dehradun airport to Joshimath (17 km away from Valley of Flowers), which cost about Rs 4,000. The airport operates daily flights to Delhi.
Nearest International airport is Delhi, which is about 500 km away from Valley of Flowers.
By Rail :
The nearest railhead is at Rishikesh, 302 km. Dehradun and Haridwar railheads are also can be accessed which are about 320 km.
Trains to Kotdwara (Kotdwara train station is near Valley of Flowers)
By Road :
Joshimath is the nearest town at a distance of 17 km from Valley of Flowers. From Joshimath the distance has to be trekked. Bus services are available to Joshimath from Dehradun and Rishikesh. UPSRTC buses operate frequently between these towns with bus charge per head about Rs 300.